Criminal Justice Reform Tracker

In the wake of the brutal killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, Americans across the country and across the political spectrum are calling for reforms that combat racial bias in our justice system and change the way we police our communities. Although many cities have already announced significant reforms to the rules governing their local police forces, the U.S. Congress is still debating a variety of proposals.

The New Center’s Criminal Justice Reform Tracker will keep a running tally of the various criminal justice and police reform bills and resolutions that are being introduced, and most importantly which are garnering bipartisan support.

With Republicans controlling the Senate and Democrats controlling the House, votes from both parties will be needed to turn any of these ideas into law.

Congressional Bills

ActionDate IntroducedSponsorStatusSummaryBipartisan Support
H.R.734506/25/2020Rep. Theodore Deutch (D-FL)Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.To counter white identity terrorism globally, and for other purposes.No
S.407606/25/2020Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)Read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed Services.A bill to remove Confederate names, symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia from assets of the Department of Defense.No
S.406406/24/2020Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.bill to amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to provide for training on alternatives to use of force, de-escalation, and behavioral health crisis.No
H.R.731506/24/2020Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To amend title 18, United States Code, to clarify the penalty for use of force, and for other purposes.No
S.403606/23/2020Sen. Mike Braun (R-IN)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA bill to amend the Revised Statutes to reform the defense of qualified immunity in the case of any action under section 1979, and for other purposes.No
S.401906/22/2020Sen. Edward Markey (D-MA)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to amend title 5, United States Code, to designate Juneteenth National Independence Day as a legal public holiday.Yes
S.405106/23/2020Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to improve the ability of law enforcement agencies to access encrypted data, and for other purposes.No
S.403606/23/2020Sen. Mike Braun (R-IN)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to amend the Revised Statutes to reform the defense of qualified immunity in the case of any action under section 1979, and for other purposes.No
S.400006/18/2020Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to require Federal law enforcement and prison officials to obtain or provide immediate medical attention to individuals in custody who display medical distress.No
H.R.723206/18/2020Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Reform. To amend title 5, United States Code, to establish Juneteenth Independence Day as a Federal holiday, and for other purposes.Yes
H.R.727206/18/2020Rep. Bobby Rush (D-IL)Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Reform. To provide for the issuance of a commemorative postage stamp in honor of Mamie Till-Mobley, and for other purposes.No
H.R.7268 06/18/2020Rep. Ayanna Presley (D-MA)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To require Federal law enforcement and prison officials to obtain or provide immediate medical attention to individuals in custody who display medical distress.No
H.R.725206/18/2020Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX)Referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, and in addition to the Committees on Homeland Security, and the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.To provide for research to examine law enforcement policies and practices, including the causes, consequences, and mitigation of excessive use of force, and for other purposes.No
H.R.728406/18/2020Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary. To authorize the Attorney General to make grants to improve the relationship between the police and the communities they serve, and for other purposes.No
H.R.728106/18/2020Rep. Rashida Tlaib (D-MI)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To require States and units of local government to certify a commitment to release certain individuals from jails and prisons, and for other purposes.No
H.R.727806/18/2020Rep. Pete Stauber (R-MN)Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committees on House Administration, and the Budget, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.To improve and reform policing practices, accountability and transparency.No
S.398906/17/2020Sen. Pat Toomey (R-PA)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to amend the United States Semiquincentennial Commission Act of 2016 to modify certain membership and other requirements of the United States Semiquincentennial Commission, and for other purposes.Yes
S.398706/17/2020Sen. Gary Peters (D-MI)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to provide that COPS grant funds may be used for local law enforcement recruits to attend schools or academics if the recruits agree to serve in precincts of law enforcement agencies in their communities.Yes
S.398506/17/2020Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC)Introduced in the Senate. There has been 1 roll call vote.JUSTICE ActNo
S.396806/16/2020Sen. Tom Cotton (R-AR)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. A bill to create an award for law enforcement officers who exemplify best practices to reduce the excessive use of force or improve community policing, and for other purposes.No
H.R.722106/15/2020Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To prohibit law enforcement officers from using chemical weapons in the course of policing activities, and for other purposes.No
H.R.721706/15/2020Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA)Referred to the House Committee on House Administration.To remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the United States Capitol.No
H.R.720606/15/2020Rep. Adriano Espaillat (D-NY)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit the use of excessive force under color of law by law enforcement and correctional officers, and for other purposes.No
H.R.719906/15/2020Rep. Ted Budd (R-NC)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To provide grants to law enforcement agencies for de-escalation training and community outreach, and for other purposes.No
H.R.719806/15/2020Rep. Anthony G. Brown (D-MD)Referred to the Committee on Education and Labor, and in addition to the Committee on Armed ServicesTo establish a scholarship program to diversify the national security workforce through partnership with historically black colleges and universities and other minority institutions, and for other purposes.Yes
H.R.719606/15/2020Rep. Alma Adams (D-NC)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide that certain uses of riot control agents constitute civil rights violations, and for other purposes.No
S.395706/12/2020Sen. Cory A. Booker (D-NJ)Read twice and referred to the Committee on Rules and Administration. A bill to remove all statues of individuals who voluntarily served the Confederate States of America from display in the Capitol of the United States.No
H.R.715506/11/2020Rep. Anthony G. Brown (D-MD)Referred to the House Committee on Armed Services. To form the National Commission on Modernizing Military Installation Designations, and for other purposes.Yes
H.R.715306/11/2020Rep. Donald Beyer (D-VA)Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Armed ServicesTo require Federal law enforcement officers, including contract employees, and members of the armed forces engaged in crowd control, riot control, or arrest or detainment of individuals engaged in civil disobedience, demonstrations, protests, or riots to visibly display identifying information.No
H.R.715006/11/2020Rep. Greg Stanton (D-AZ)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary. To require the use of body cameras for law enforcement officers as a condition of eligibility for COPS ON THE BEAT grants, and for other purposes.No
S.395606/11/2020Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. A bill to incentivize banning of chokeholds and carotid holds, and for other purposes.No
S.395506/11/2020Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to prohibit no-knock warrants, and for other purposes.No
S.395306/11/2020Sen. Christopher Coons (D-DE)Read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed Services.A bill to require pilot programs in connection with Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at Historically Black Colleges and Universities and minority institutions, and for other purposes.Yes
H.R.719406/11/2020Rep. Maxine Waters (D-CA)Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.To eliminate mandatory minimum sentences for all drug offenses.No
H.R.719306/11/2020Rep. Maxine Waters (D-CA)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To amend title 28, United States Code, to adjust the penalty for unjust conviction and imprisonment, and for other purposes.No
H.R.719106/11/2020Rep. David Trone (D-MD)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.To amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to condition eligibility for grants under the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program, and for other purposes.No
H.R.718806/11/2020Rep. William Timmons (R-SC)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo require law enforcement agencies to report the use of lethal force, and for other purposes.Yes
H.R.717406/11/2020Rep. Ro Khanna (D-CA)Referred to the House Committee on Armed Services. To enhance protections of civilians during United States military operations, and for other purposes.No
H.R.716406/11/2020Rep. Yvette D. Clarke (D-NY)Referred to the House Committee on Armed Services. To require the Secretary of Defense to change the name of any military installation or other property under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense that is currently named after any individual who took up arms against the United States during the American Civil War or any individual or entity that supported such efforts, and for other purposes.No
S.393106/10/2020Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY)Read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed Services. A bill to prevent the militarization of Federal, State, and local law enforcement by Federal excess property transfers and grant programs.Yes
S.390906/08/2020Sen. Christopher Murphy (D-CT)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to require Federal law enforcement officers, including contract employees, and members of the armed forces engaged in crowd control, riot control, or arrest or detainment of individuals engaged in civil disobedience, demonstrations, protests, or riots to visibly display identifying information.No
S.391206/08/2020Sen. Cory A. Booker (D-NJ)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.A bill to hold law enforcement accountable for misconduct in court, improve transparency through data collection, and reform police training and policies.No
H.R.712006/08/2020Rep. Karen Bass (D-CA)Passed HouseGeorge Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020No
H.R.712406/08/2020Rep. Anthony G. Brown (D-MD)Referred to the House Committee on Armed ServicesTo amend title 10, United States Code, to provide for additional requirements for the use of authority under the Insurrection Act, and for other purposes.No
H.R.712906/08/2020Rep. David N. Cicilline (D-RI)Referred to the House Committee on Armed ServicesTo amend title 10, United States Code, to limit the authority of the President to use the militia or Armed Forces to enforce Federal authority or to provide Federal aid to State governments, and for other purposes.No
H.R.713106/08/2020Rep. Adriano Espaillat (D-NY)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit deprivation of rights under color of law by law enforcement and correctional officers, and for other purposes.No
H.R. 713306/08/2020Rep. Debra A. Haaland (D-MN)Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Armed Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.To encourage State and local demilitarization by incentivizing the return of purchases made through the LESO program, and for other purposes.No
H.R. 713406/08/2020Rep. Joseph P. Kennedy III (D-MA)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo amend title 18, United States Code, to lower the mens rea standard to reckless for the offense related to depriving persons of their rights under the color of law, and for other purposes.No
H.R. 713506/08/2020Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN)Referred to the Committee on Armed Services, and in addition to the Committee on Rules, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned. To amend the Insurrection Act to curtail violations against the civil liberties of the people of the United States, and for other purposes.No
H.R. 713606/08/2020Rep. Mark Pocan (D-WI)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo require the creation and adoption of national minimum training requirements for law enforcement personnel.No
H.R. 713706/08/2020Rep. Cedric L. Richmond (D-LA)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo prohibit the receipt of funds under the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Program and associated grant programs by State and local government units that have failed to adopt use of force policies and other policies that meet minimum standards; require State and local government units that operate law enforcement training programs funded by the Byrne program and associated grant programs to train officers in de-escalation and mental health crisis intervention and to publicly disseminate use-of-force policies; to require the promulgation of protocols for the investigation and reporting of instances of the use of deadly force by Federal law enforcement officers; to provide for grants to community supervision offices for training in de-escalation techniques and to other personnel; and for other purposes.No
H.R. 714406/08/2020Rep. Nydia Velazquez (D-NY)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo amend title 18, United States Code, to prohibit the reckless use of excessive force under the color of law, and for other purposes.No
H.R. 710006/04/2020Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo encourage greater community accountability of law enforcement agencies, and for other purposes.No
H.R. 708906/04/2020Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-TX)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo reform law enforcement practices, and for other purposes.No
H.R. 708706/04/2020Rep. Ted Budd (R-NC)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo amend title 18, United States Code, to increase the penalty for rioting, and for other purposes.No
H.R.708506/04/2020Rep. Justin Amash (L-MI)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryTo amend the Revised Statutes to remove the defense of qualified immunity in the case of any action under section 1979, and for other purposes.Yes
S.390206/04/2020Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)Read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed ServicesA bill to amend the Insurrection Act to curtail violations against the civil liberties of the people of the United States, and for other purposes.No
S.389506/04/2020Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, Kirsten (D-NY)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA bill to amend section 242 of title 18, United States Code, to include the use of chokeholds and carotid holds as a deprivation of rights and as a punishment, pain, or penalty, and for other purposes.No
S.387306/03/2020Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC)Read twice and referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA bill to require law enforcement agencies to report the use of lethal force, and for other purposes.No
S.385206/01/2020Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)Read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed ServicesA bill to enhance protections of civilians during United States military operations, and for other purposes.No

Congressional Resolutions

ActionDate IntroducedSponsorStatusSummaryBipartisan Support
H.Res.102306/25/2020Rep. Gregory Steube (R-FL)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.Calling for justice for George Floyd and others, and condemning violence and rioting.No
H.Res.101306/22/2020Rep. Russ Fulcher (R-ID)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary. Resolving that jurisdictions seeking to dismantle or reduce funding for the jurisdiction's police force should not unduly burden residents who seek to defend themselves.No
S.Res.63106/18/2020Rep. Josh Hawley (R-MO)Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent.A resolution honoring the life and service of David Dorn and expressing condolences to the family of David Dorn.No
H.Res.101006/18/2020Rep. Marc Veasey (D-TX)Referred to the House Committee on House Administration. Commemorating Juneteenth by calling for the implementation of safeguards to protect the integrity of United States elections and end voter suppression.No
H.Res.100906/18/2020Rep. Mary Gay Scanlon (D-PA)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.Recognizing the threats to press freedom in the United States in the wake of protests following the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed Black man, by police in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020, reaffirming the centrality of a free and independent press to the health of democracy, and reaffirming freedom of the press as a priority of the United States in promoting democracy, human rights, and good governance.No
H.Res.100706/15/2020Rep. Gregory Steube (R-FL)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.Calling for justice for George Floyd and opposing efforts to defund the police.No
H.Res.100206/15/2020Rep. Michael GuestReferred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.Strongly condemning the recent acts of violence, riots, and looting in the United States.No
H.Res.100106/15/2020Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Reform.Recognizing June 19, 2020, as this year's observance of the historical significance of Juneteenth Independence Day.Yes
S.Res.62006/15/2020Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX)Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent."A resolution designating June 19, 2020, as ""Juneteenth Independence Day"" in recognition of June 19, 1865, the date on which news of the end of slavery reached the slaves in the Southwestern States.
116th Congress (2019-2020) | Get alerts"
Yes
H.Res.99906/11/2020Rep. Mary Gay Scanlon (D-PA)Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.Recognizing the threats to press freedom in the United States in the wake of protests following the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed Black man, by police in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020, reaffirming the centrality of a free and independent press to the health of democracy, and reaffirming freedom of the press as a priority of the United States in promoting democracy, human rights, and good governance.No
S.Res.613 06/10/2020Sen. Tom Cotton (R-AR)Referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA resolution calling for justice for George Floyd and opposing calls to defund the police.No
S.Res.61206/09/2020Sen. Kelly Loeffler (R-GA)Referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA resolution expressing the sense of the Senate that the tragic death of George Floyd was unjust and the perpetrators must stand trial and be brought to justice, the First Amendment of the Constitution guarantees individuals the right to peaceably assemble and protest, groups like Antifa and the individuals who took over peaceful protests with violence, chaos, looting, and destruction should be held accountable for their actions, the attacks on law enforcement, individuals, small businesses, and communities are causing death, injury and millions of dollars in damage, the vast majority of men and women in law enforcement work tirelessly and risk their lives to protect the people of the United States without prejudice, police departments are the cornerstone for maintaining a society of order, calls to defund the police threaten the safety and security of the people of the United States, Congress will continue to appropriate funding to local law enforcement agencies that bolster police efforts, and the Nation must come together in healing, reconciliation, and prayer to reaffirm that every life is sacred, our society must strive for equality, and that we will work to ensure a tragedy like George Floyd's never happens again in the United States.No
H.Con.Res.10006/04/2020Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryUrging the establishment of a United States Commission on Truth, Racial Healing, and Transformation.No
H.Res.99306/04/2020Rep. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC-At-Large)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryExpressing support for the designation of June 2020 as "National Gun Violence Awareness Month", and calling on Congress to address gun violence.No
H.Res.99206/04/2020Rep. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC-At-Large)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryDeclaring unconditional war on racism and invidious discrimination and providing for the establishment of a Cabinet-level Department of Reconciliation charged with eliminating racism and invidious discrimination.No
H.Res.99006/04/2020Rep. Joyce Beatty (D-OH)Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.Declaring unconditional war on racism and invidious discrimination and providing for the establishment of a Cabinet-level Department of Reconciliation charged with eliminating racism and invidious discrimination.No
S.Con.Res.3906/04/2020Sen. Charles Schumer (D-NY)Referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA concurrent resolution expressing the Sense of Congress that the constitutional rights of Americans to peaceably assemble, exercise freedom of speech, and petition the government for redress of grievances must be respected; that violence and looting are unlawful, unacceptable and contrary to the purpose of peaceful protests; and that Congress condemns the President of the United States for ordering Federal officers to use gas and rubber bullets against the Americans who were peaceably protesting in Lafayette Square in Washington, DC on the night of June 1, 2020, thereby violating the constitutional rights of those peaceful protestors.No
S.Res.60206/02/2020Sen. Edward Markey (D-MA)Referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA resolution recognizing that the murder of George Floyd by officers of the Minneapolis Police Department is the result of pervasive and systemic racism that cannot be dismantled without, among other things, proper redress in the courts.No
S.Res.60106/02/2020Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY)Referred to the Committee on the JudiciaryA resolution expressing the sense of the Senate that order must be immediately restored to the cities of the United States so that citizens may have peace and the legitimate grievances of peaceful protestors may be heard and considered.No
H.Res.98806/01/2020Rep. Ayanna Pressley (D-MA)Referred to the House Committee on the JudiciaryCondemning all acts of police brutality, racial profiling, and the use of excessive and militarized force throughout the country.No

Last updated on June 26, 2020